The piano has, as an instrument, evolved over the years to become a universally accepted solo and ensemble instrument of today.

Before the first piano was invented by Cristofori Bartolomeo between 1709 and 1711, harpsichord was the main instrument for the musicians all across Europe. A harpsichord produces sound by plucking a string when a key is pressed. The limitation of this action is that it was not being enormously distinct in its range of loud and soft.

Cristofori’s first successful instrument was known as "gravicembalo col piano e forte", or "harpsichord with soft and loud". It resembled the harpsichord in shape and look but differed with the original instrument in its action mechanism. He created a working hammer action to replace the plucking action of the harpsichord. It was struck, instead of plucked.

This new action allowed the performer to play and explore into various dynamic levels.

Another major evolution of the piano took place around 1825. This important evolution involved the addition of a solid metal frame on which the strings were stretched. This new frame allowed all other further improvements to be made on the piano gradually, which eventually brought the piano to what it is today.

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~ Written by Boon Sin Ler