Frederic Chopin (1810 – 1849)

March 01, 1810, Zelazowa Wola, near Warsaw, Duchy of Warsaw
Died: Oct. 17, 1849, Paris, France

Chopin published his first composition at age seven and began performing in aristocratic salons at eight. He moved to Paris in 1831, and held his first Paris concert the following year, which was a tremendous success. His fame began.

Renowned as a piano teacher, he spent his time in the highest society. However, he contracted tuberculosis in the 1830s. In 1837 he began a 10-year liaison with the writer
George Sand; she left him in 1847, and a rapid decline led to his death two years later.

Chopin is the icon of Poland's greatest composer and he is also one of the most significant composer in the history of the piano; he exploited the instrument's capacities in an extraordinary manner for beauty in variety, charm, excitement, texture and timbre beauty. Many of the later composers and his peers were highly influenced by his innovations in fingering, his use of the pedals, and his general treatment of the keyboard.

Chopin wrote no symphonies, no operas, no string quartets, and only one trio (piano, violin, and cello). Apart from his two significant piano concertos and foru other works for piano and orchesthra, virtually all his other compositions are for solo piano. He is best known for his musical miniatures, many of which are within the technical
grasp of amateurs.

Chopin wrote many patriotic works of Polish origin that are related to dances. Such are his Marzukas, Polonaises, Waltzes. He also wrote a relatively well-known Tarantelle, which is actually based on a Spanish folk dance.

~ Written by Boon Sin Ler

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